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The Definitive Guide to How to Sand Hardwood Floors with Orbital Sander

Planning to sand the hardwood floor? Not Sure How to Sand Hardwood Floors with Orbital Sander? Ask these questions before starting to buy or rent the sander for this task. Photo Credit By: Mike Enge

Suppose you have got solid wood floors and appear a bit tired, instead of thinking to replace them, better try to sand them. Sanding hardwood floors will be the most satisfying DIY experience that you will have.

With the proper preparation, the hardwood floor sanding will be a fun weekend project that you will want to carry out.

So whether you want to renovate your classy home or prepare for Christmas, Orbital-sanders partner homeowners all the way.

Sanding involves removing unwanted coats and thus leaving a clean and fine surface. Sandpaper is anchored on the tool before and consequently run on a suitable surface.

Cleaning is important before sanding and helps remove debris. Some like nails cause damage and consequently deteriorate tool quality.

Different kinds of sanding tools include and notable ones include; dual, random-orbitals, disc-orbitals, and many those.

In this review post, we will take at some insights about woodwork-sanders. All content below is factual and true. Just take a deep breath and be awed by what we have in store for you.

Learn How to Sand Hardwood Floors with Orbital Sander Step by Step

Orbital-floor-sander is effective and improves the surface of floors by removing debris. But, what’s the process of using one? To sand with an orbital-floor-sander, this is the process:

Step 1: Clean The Work Surface

Removing all unwanted debris is vital when eliminating unwanted debris. Nails and other substances that damage the machine ought to be eliminated.

Step 2: Attach The Sandpaper

Suppose it’s the first job. A 40-grit is suitable. Convenient sandpaper needs to be installed to eliminate all unwanted materials effectively. Safety gadget is a necessity when removing paint.

Step 3: Start From The Farthest End

Sanding at the farthest end of wood surfaces is an excellent point to start the task. Importantly, starting from the most distant point helps save time.

Also, it creates a mechanism you can follow easily when eliminating debris.

Step 4: Hand-on

Utilizing a level, start by working edges and lower spots, using the orbital-hand-sander. Much smaller machines are suitable for reaching cumbersome spaces.

Step 5: Sweep and Vacuum Clean Allover

To eliminate all unwanted dust, this process is crucial. Keeping the workspace clean all the time is vital. Keep the wood surface clean at all times.

Step 6: Pouring Spirits

It’s high time to apply mineral-based spirits since all dust and debris are eliminated. Pouring the solution further enhances the overall cleanliness of the surface. An important aspect.

Step 7: Dry Everything and Finish

After everything has dried up, pour some finish and use the most suitable one. Besides, the type of surface will determine the type of finish to apply.

Safety and Maintenance Practices for Orbital Sanders

  • Buy a suitable product from a legit dealer.
  • Follow all instructions detailed in the manufacturer user guide.
  • When sanding, eye protection goggles are a necessity.
  • Before starting the sander, have a solid handle grip to avoid accidents.
  • Unwanted debris ought to be cleared from all ventilations.
  • Keep the machine flat and front moving when sanding.
  • When not in use, permanently shut off the sander machine and store it in an excellent, dry work environment.
  • Always thoroughly clean your machine after work.

How to Use an Orbital Floor Sander

Also refereed Floor-sanders, they use a circular motion to make surfaces much better. A special pad moves around and eliminates all unwanted impurities from paint to debris.

No dust particles pass twice, thus making the clean surface while polishing a fresh one. For effective dust removal, a spacious and convenient dust elimination mechanism is used in floor orbitals.

All in all, sanders have a reputation for being great for smoothening wood and metal surfaces. Ideally, they aren’t quite versatile when working on curved surfaces. As such, it’s wise to look for another option.

What is an Orbital Sander

Orbital sander over the years has changed and revolutionized to become much efficient and versatile. In the past, orbital sanders were hard to control and inefficient in performance.

Recently, with tech innovation, orbital sanders have changed a great. With much efficient oscillating disc movements, the machines move much better and provide great smooth results.

Three types of orbital sanders exist, and they include. Air orbitals, electric orbitals, and floor orbital sanders. Depending on your wants, all the above models are suitable for diverse tasks.

When purchasing one, your budget constraint will play a key role in the type you acquire. All in all, Orbital-sanders are a revolution in sanding exercise.

Important also to wood and help smoothen surfaces better. Why not try one today!

Random Orbital Sander vs Palm Sander

A random affiliated orbital sander is one of the different kinds of sanding machines. One difference arise when it comes to performance. More so in comparison to palm-based kind.

Let’s make a deep conclusive distinction between these two kinds of sanders.

Random-Orbital Tool

By functionality, random-orbit finishers are different compared to the regular kind. While rotating, it makes spins, thus effectively removing cumbersome marks on a surface.

Instead of a square pad, it utilizes a circular pad. When working on diverse surfaces, users can change angles. The importance of angle change is to provide the flexibility required for cumbersome work environments.


Two types exist, and that’s why it’s important to distinguish them. Here are the two types of random-orbital-sander.


Cordless is easy to use as users are blessed with proper maneuverability when sanding extensive projects. Contrary, cordless random-orbital require to be charged once the batteries are wasted.


In terms of performance, corded make is much versatile and doesn’t require to be charged. However, they require power throughout to continue performing.


  • Ideal for compact spaces
  • Being square-shaped means, it’s ideal for finishing corners
  • Fast in performance and suitable for extensive spaces


  • Sometimes leaves marks
  • Doesn’t sand huge amount of impurities

Palm Sander

Palm sanders are quite smaller and lightweight making it quite ideal for small tasks. In terms of pricing, palm sander is quite affordable.

Remarkably, the lightweight feature and compact stature give the model better precision. Compared to regular sanding tools, palm-sander doesn’t leave marks when smoothening surfaces.

If you want to eliminate unwanted impurities, palm-sanders make a wise acquisition.

Dust Collection Mechanism

Palm-sander dust collection mechanism isn’t as effective compared to that of random-orbital-sander. Random-orbital-sander uses a vacuum dust collection mechanism as an alternative.

A model with sealed filters and switches tends to eliminate dust from affecting the tool.

Type of Sandpaper

Regular sandpaper is ideal for installing on palm-sander. One thing great is the affordability of the regular sandpaper. By design, this kind of machine uses the clamp system.

Also, the tool produces enhanced smooth and precise finish results.

Power Aspect

Palm-sander is typically quite gentle compared to orbital-sanders. As such, they are much suited for lightweight works.

A typical 2 amp will work on small tasks in carpentry workshops conveniently. A much-enhanced sander will be quite expensive while

Ease of Use

Lightweight and enhanced stability are notable attributes associated with these sanders. When working, hold one of them firmly and start by moving front and back. Repeat the process till everything is polished effectively.

Importantly, one with a firm grip handle is easy to use and doesn’t tire. For more comfortable ease of use a precision sanding, palm-sanders are top-notch.


  • Lightweight and compact design
  • Quite affordable compared to random-orbitals
  • Provides smooth surface without swirl marks


  • Not ideal for extensive work projects
  • Doesn’t eliminate dust effectively like the random-orbital brand.

What is a Random Orbital Sander Used for

Random-orbit sanders aren’t regular wood smoothening machines and are tasked with sanding specific works. When it comes to removing unwanted paint and impurities from furniture, professional technicians require a random sander.

Carpentry is a key industry that would thrive if it weren’t for random-orbital sanders. Finishing and intermediate works are the ideal tasks suitable for using a random-orbital tool.

Of importance, singular motion movement provides a smooth finish and leaves non-swirl and less deep marks.

How to Use a Random Orbital Sander

Do you know how to use a random orbital sander? If you do, well then, reading this part isn’t a waste of time. Also, in case you don’t know, we are going to make this next blog part quite simple to deal with.

With the right of know-how you can conquer the most rust metals. Let’s get started.

Step 1: Prepare All Necessities

All materials required should be properly anchored on the work area. Tight clamping is required to avoid falls which can be hazardous. Once all materials are conveniently held together, install a dust collection pad.

Step 2: Install a Suitable Sandpaper

Choosing the right grit ideal for the project at hand is important. Some are great for dealing with hard surfaces while others much soft surfaces.

As such, follow the correct coarse grit to acquire your desired results. Grits averaging about 180 to 220 usually make many smooth and soft grits.

Additionally, they take a longer time to accomplish sanding. To install, locate a glue-like area and peel off everything before setting up sandpaper.

Step 3: Embark on Sanding

Light up everything and start sanding. Move along the grain for a finer and smooth finish. Add pressure when working on hard surfaces. Remember, too much pressure can be hazardous and cause dents.

Step 4: Finish

On wood edges, sand by adjusting the sander angle to about 120 degrees. After finishing everything, stop the machine and clean the work surface for any left dust.

Like we have seen, it’s pretty essential to use a random-orbital-sander. To deal with both soft and hard surfaces, these machines are monsters and leave nothing unturned.

Remarkably, controlling one is the easiest thing.

Random Orbital vs Dual Action Sander

Both these two kinds of random-orbital-sander function almost the same. To eliminate unwanted paint on a surface, they leave no mark behind and thus providing precision timed sanding results.

How can you make a sound judgment on the most suitable brand? To answer this commonly asked question, we are going to look at notable distinctions.

Let’s look at variations between the two kinds of orbited sanders.

Type of Handle

Dual sanders usually utilize palm-based handles. On the other side, Random-sanders have large handles. Mostly, the difference is based on the size of the handle.

In addition, handle size affects the overall stability and operation.


Dual-sander and Random-orbital differ when it comes to the quality of finish produced. On the tool pad, a weight is locked and unlocked.

In turn, the weight helps determine the overall ability to remove unwanted materials. RO sanders lack this feature, and hence some differences exist.

All the two distinct types of machines deal with diverse tasks.


Removing unwanted paint and other debris requires power. Besides, power helps to polish and thus leave a clean workspace. Skill and mode of handling determine the type of operation and effective performance.

Small tasks require tools like dual-sanders, while large projects require many large machines. In determining this debate, the type of machine operation is a major determining factor.

Both of these tools are powerful and deal with diverse work projects. Dual-orbital is much powerful compared to Random-Orbitals.

Also, both have enhanced control for dealing with diverse projects. We find the dual-orbital tool best compared to Random-orbital.

How Does an Orbital Sander Work

An Orbital-Sander-Tool is needed to achieve a perfectly smooth finish on diverse surfaces. Having the right equipment for sanding is a must.

Let’s look at how these vital machines work and insights concerning them. To eliminate unwanted impurities, you need to connect the tools to a power source.

Once started, this machine uses a rotating pad located on the bottom side to sand. While doing so, orbital-affiliated machines consequently remove all unwanted lines. Usually, they appear when sanding.

Experts advise people to start sanding from one end to the other. Importantly making the first sanding system is robust to follow everything conveniently.

Setting-up the Sandpaper

  • Step 1: Start by turning the orbital-sander-tool on its side
  • Step 2: Remove the sandpaper by eliminating the glue attached to the sander.
  • Step 3: On the tool, the pad installs the sandpaper before embarking on pressing it on.

Process of Setting up The Dust Pad

A dust compartment is an important accessory in an orbital-sanding tool. Most importantly, you want to remove all unwanted impurities and thus leave a clean work environment.

To set these dust collector units conveniently, this is the process.

  • Step 1: Start by lowering the back-cage.
  • Step 2: Holding the mouth of the dust bag, place it over the hole opening area while tightening the sleeve.
  • Step 3: Inflating the dust compartment bag is vital and lowers the tool cage for enhanced stability.

Next, release the down pedal while finding the right angle when sanding. Besides, additional mass load adds more pressure for optimal finish results.

Hardwood specifically requires additional weight for a smooth finish. Once you’ve started the machine, sand it immediately.

Importantly, always wear protective clothing and eyeglass accessory for optimal safety.

How to Attach Sandpaper to Orbital Sander

One of the common procedures associated with sanding machines concerns the removal of old sandpapers. In addition, removing an obsolete one is the easiest thing to realize.

Diverse types of orbital sandpaper exist in most shop outlets. Besides, it’s your choice to acquire the most suitable. Experts recommend users follow the sander manufacturer guide on the best sandpaper.

But how do you embark on the task? Here are the steps necessary to remove sandpaper from an orbital sander.

Step 1

To attach sandpaper to an orbital sander, you require to have all the necessary materials. A new and suitable paper is ideal for embarking on the installation process.

Step 2

Start the orbital gadget by jumping the button situated in the tool right area.

Step 3

Remove the sandpaper from the tool by grasping one of its corners. Remember to discard the obsolete paper in a convenient location to enhance an eco-friendly state.

Step 4

Take the new sandpaper a distance above the machine and proceed to line it. Most importantly, ensure it’s of ideal size.

Step 5

Firmly push down the sandpaper and confirm it anchors on the appliance appropriately.

Step 6

Lastly, stop the machine before flipping it to stand in the right direction. Installing sandpaper on an orbital sander takes less than five minutes.

Suppose you follow the above-mentioned insights, it’s possible. We hope you can now achieve this task without having to consult or hire an expert.


We hope you have realized insights on How to Sand Hardwood Floors with Orbital Sander. As different types of sanders exist, it wise to know each and its specifications better to deal with hardwood floors effectively.

One prevalent issue with hard surfaces like wood is the hardness. A high-performance machine is needed to eliminate different unwanted impurities.

Orbital-floor-sanders are versatile for improving the finish of wooden surfaces. That’s why we recommend them. The use of circular movements’ enables effective sanding results to be realized promptly.

Proper maintenance is paramount for sanding devices. Before acquiring a suitable hardwood sander, your budget is a crucial consideration.

Besides, wood sanders last long with proper maintenance. All mentioned insight will help you in future choose the best.

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